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Utilities Extension Project

Bald Eagles





Adult eagles are dark brown with a white head and tail. The eyes bills, legs, and feet are yellow. Juveniles are dark brown overall with white mottling or spots on the belly, tail and under the wings. The eyes are dark brown and the bill is gray to black. Female eagles may weigh 14 pounds and have a wingspan of 8 feet while make eagles are smaller and may weigh as mush as 10 pounds and have a wingspan of 6 feet. The record life span for a bald eagle in the wild is 28 years.

Bald eagles are opportunistic foragers, feeding or scavenging on a wide variety of prey. Primary prey includes fish and waterfowl species (79% fish such as: catfish, brown bullhead; 17% bird such as: coot; 3% mammals such as: rabbits and 1% amphibians/reptiles such as: turtles and snakes). Most prey is captured from the surface water, but bald eagles often harass ospreys in flight to drop the fish they have captured. Bald eagles in Florida often scavenge carcasses along the roadway or garbage at landfills.


Where They Are Found

Within the construction area, the bald eagle is most likely to be found along the coast and on lakes, rivers or canals where they feed mainly on fish. Bald eagles are highly social outside of nesting season (nesting season is October 1 - May 15), but are extremely territorial when nesting. Nest sites tend to be built near the edges of eagle habitats, such as in a living tree that offers a view of the surrounding area and that can support the eagle's sizeable nest. Eagles build there nests in pine trees, cypress trees, mangroves, great blue heron nests, artificial structures such as communication towers, transmission towers and raptor nesting platforms, and even though very rarely on the ground. Nearly all bald eagle nests in Florida are built within 1.8 miles of water.


If You Find or Encounter any of the Following Situations:

  • Molesting, harassing, or killing Bald Eagles and/or damaging or destroying a Bald Eagles nest or nesting tree is a crime. Please report the violations to the City of Cape Coral at 239-573-3077 and FWC’s 24 hour hotline at 1-888-404-3922

  • Injured or wounded Bald Eagles please immediately call the Clinic Rehab of Wildlife (CROW) at 239-472-3644 or the City of Cape Coral at 239-573-3077.

  • New Bald Eagle nests please report to the City of Cape Coral at

  • Join the Bald Eagle Watch Program at

Violations of state and federal law are punishable by fines and/or imprisonment.